Bertha Lutz

2 August 1894 — 16 September 1976


Bertha Lutz was born in Brazil and was the daughter of a doctor and a nurse. She studied zoology, biology, and natural sciences, and became an expert in frogs and other amphibians. When she was just 25, she became the head of the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro — one of the first women in Brazil to hold such a position. But she didn’t stop there: she founded the women’s movement in her country, helped to gain women the right to vote, became a politician, and worked to improve the lives of all Brazilian women.


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The Paratelmatobius lutzii frog was described by Bertha, which is why it bears her name. Unfortunately, it is now an endangered species.